Women who undergo vaginal delivery often do not require opioids to manage pain after hospital discharge, concludes a study. In addition, the quantity of opioids prescribed to women after cesarean delivery can be less than currently prescribed, say the authors.
Scientists have discovered why pain from the head and face can be more disruptive, and more emotionally draining, than pain elsewhere in the body. The team found that sensory neurons from the head and face are wired directly into one of the brain's principal emotional signaling hubs, while sensory neurons from the body are connected only indirectly. The results may pave the way toward more effective treatments for chronic head pain.
Inflammatory bowel disease is common amongst older people and there are big differences in the choice of treatment for different age groups. Patients over the age of 60 often receive cortisone drugs instead of more modern medicines that target the immune system.
Opioid pain relievers can be extremely effective in relieving pain, but can carry a high risk of addiction and ultimately overdose when breathing is suppressed and stops. Scientists have discovered a way to separate these two effects -- pain relief and breathing -- opening a window of opportunity to make effective pain medications without the risk of respiratory failure.