The survival rate of US gunshot victims has not shown a marked improvement, as other recent studies have suggested, according to new research. The purported increase in survival rate had been credited to improvements in emergency treatment and medical care of critically injured patients. But on close analysis, researchers found problems in the way data was collected and coded.
Scientists have called for action to a serious lack of data on the worldwide distribution of disease-causing organisms. Without this knowledge, predicting where and when the next disease outbreak will emerge is hardly possible. Macroecologists hold the expertise to create the needed data network and close the knowledge gaps.
A new study inspired by a court case involving a driver seriously hurt in an accident when following another car to a destination, provides evidence to show that the car behind makes risky driving maneuvers. Driving faster, more erratically, closer to the car in front and jumping traffic lights are all blamed on a fear of getting lost. Drivers are advised to provide the follower with a map or navigational guide before setting off.
Labels matter when it comes to acceptance of climate science, suggests new research. For example, explain authors of a new report, the US public doubts the existence of 'global warming' more than it doubts 'climate change.'
Brain-based memory recognition technology may be one step closer to court. A report suggests American jurors can appropriately integrate the evidence in their evaluations of criminal defendants, which could ultimately lead to an additional expert witness on the stand.
German Angst is a term commonly used to characterize the perceived tendency of Germans to be pessimistic. But is there anything to it and what are potential historical sources? A team of psychologists has addressed the issue in a study. To the surprise of the researchers, the data showed that those German cities that had suffered from more severe strategic bombing than other cities show more, not less, psychological resilience today.
The recent measles outbreak in Minnesota has been a sobering reminder of how highly concentrated populations of vaccination skeptics can elevate an entire community's risk of infection. Around the edges of every headline-grabbing outbreak, there's a vast range of opinions being circulated about the risks and benefits of early childhood immunization. The vaccination debate maintains a constant presence on social media platforms. These varied viewpoints caught the attention of scientists who are conducting a three-year study on the ways online interactions influence our beliefs.
The mosquito-borne viral disease Chikungunya is usually found in tropical areas. Researchers have now discovered how climate change is facilitating the spread of the Chikungunya virus. Even if climate change only progresses moderately – as scientists are currently observing – the risk of infection will continue to increase in many regions of the world through the end of the 21st century. If climate change continues unchecked, the virus could even spread to southern Europe and the United States.
Scientists have developed a new low-temperature catalyst for producing high-purity hydrogen gas while simultaneously using up carbon monoxide (CO). The discovery could improve the performance of fuel cells that run on hydrogen fuel but can be poisoned by CO.
'Buy local' sounds like a great environmental slogan, epitomized for city dwellers by urban agriculture. But when it comes to growing fruits and vegetables in vacant lots and on rooftops in cities, is the practice really better for the planet than conventional farming? A new analysis of urban agriculture in the northeastern US has found that the regional 'green' benefits consumers expect could be meager at best.
Experts have provided a solution for stopping flooding in subway tunnels in the form of a giant inflatable plug that will seal them off and stop water from flowing throughout the subway system into stations and other subway lines.
In organizations, bullying within decision-making groups appears to go hand in hand with whining, according to a new study. 'In other words, when some people act dominant by bullying, others respond by being submissive and whining,' says the professor of communication who led the study. The researchers found that both reported bullying and whining behaviors negatively impacted group perceptions of cohesiveness and decision-making effectiveness.
Floods are the natural disaster that kill the most people. They are also the most common natural disaster. As the threat of flooding increases worldwide, a group of scientists have gathered valuable information on flood hazard, exposure and vulnerability in counties throughout the US.