New research has developed an automated approach for narrowing down and ranking the field of Division 1 college basketball teams from 351 to the 68 that would play in the annual 'March Madness' basketball tournaments, watched by more than 80 million people each year.
Smart land-use planning could ease the conflict between agricultural production and nature conservation. A team of researchers has integrated global datasets on the geographical distributions and ecological requirements of thousands of animal species with detailed information on the production of the world ’s major agricultural crops.
Twenty-five years after the first World Scientists' Warning to Humanity, a new report is continuing to gain momentum and is already one of the most talked about papers globally since Altmetric records began. Three letters in comment, as well as a response companion piece by the Warning authors publish today in the peer-reviewed journal BioScience, highlighting two key areas for action in policy and science.
Vast quantities of scarce metals are being lost from Europe's urban mine of vehicles, including 20 tonnes of gold each year – and the proportion of critical metals in vehicles is continuing to increase. A database is now being published that charts the metals and facilitates recycling.
Online gift-giving is spreading in social networks and causing people to give more gifts -- online and in person -- according to a new study. About half of these gifts were unlikely to have occurred offline or via another online channel.
Sweeping policies that reward people in environmentally sensitive areas for returning their farmlands to nature have been lauded as ecological triumphs. But a new study shows that over time some participants may become conservation martyrs.
The origin of the Dravidian language family, consisting of about 80 varieties spoken by 220 million people across South Asia, can be dated to about 4,500 years ago, based on new linguistic analyses. An international team used data collected first-hand from native speakers and analyzed these using cutting-edge computational methods. The findings shed light on the prehistory of these languages and their speakers.
While Americans debate the rising cost of health care, a new study of 30 countries over 27 years found that medical expansion has improved overall health -- with one major exception. Researchers found that increased spending on health care and increases in specialized care were both associated with longer life expectancy and less mortality in the countries studied. But pharmaceutical industry expansion was linked to negative health effects.
New data show that extreme weather events have become more frequent over the past 36 years, with a significant uptick in floods and other hydrological events compared even with five years ago, according to a new publication.
Men have a substantially greater hospital readmission risk during the first three months following a firearm injury hospitalization compared to women. While this overall risk was no longer observed at six months after the initial hospitalization, the risk of renal failure and cardiovascular readmissions among males was more than three times greater than females at six months.
The NHS Health Check program is estimated to prevent around 300 premature deaths and results in more people living free of cardiovascular disease in England each year, according to a new study. Feasible changes in the delivery of the program could result in up to a three-fold increase in the benefits.
US cities facing sea level rise need to look beyond traditional strategies for managing issues such as critical erosion and coastal squeeze, according to new research. Civil society initiatives must now play a crucial role in adapting society to climate change, the study argues.
Scientists have studied the complex interplay between flooding events and economic decisions. Private businesses should not shoulder the responsibility for flood protection alone. In prosperous countries in particular, it makes sense for central government to establish the necessary infrastructure for flood protection.
The under-thirties have endured most the marked increase in relative deprivation of any age group in England, according to a 11-year study of data from the Office of National Statistics (ONS). Data scientists reviewed the analysis from 2004-2015 and also found that over the same period, deprivation fell for the over-60s, who are also less likely to live in deprived neighborhoods.
Whether idolized as heroes or demonized and labelled terrorists, throughout history people have been willing to die for their groups and the causes they believe in. But why? New research suggests that there is a unique psychological process that may play a crucial role in motivating the ultimate sacrifice: identity fusion.