Fresh analysis of a reptile fossil is helping scientists solve an evolutionary puzzle -- how snakes lost their limbs. The findings show snakes did not lose their limbs in order to live in the sea, as was previously suggested.
A new study shows that if the emission reductions pledges brought to Paris are implemented and followed by measures of equal or greater ambition, they have the potential to reduce the probability of the highest levels of warming, and increase the probability of limiting global warming to 2 degrees Celsius.
Supercapacitors can be charged and discharged tens of thousands of times, but their relatively low energy density compared to conventional batteries limits their application for energy storage. Now, researchers in Singapore have developed an 'asymmetric' supercapacitor based on metal nitrides and graphene that could be a viable energy storage solution.
The Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation is an inter-governmental organization of 57 Muslim-majority countries with a mission to promote human rights and advance science and technology development. A newly published review examines the current state of neglected tropical diseases in OIC countries and how this corresponds to human development and poverty.
Seasonal migrations may help lower infection levels in wild North American monarch butterfly populations, according to a new study. The authors posit that these results combined with recent observations of sedentary, winter-breeding monarch populations in the southern U.S. indicate that the shifts from migratory to sedentary behavior may lead to greater infection for North American monarchs.
Researchers in Italy, Germany and the United States have identified a regulatory protein crucial for the development of cerebral cavernous malformation -- a severe and incurable disease mainly affecting the brain microvasculature. The results show that the KLF4 protein plays a central role in the development of CCM lesions.
A follow-up study to assess the effects of personally tailored diabetes care in general practice has revealed that such care reduces mortality (both all-cause and diabetes-related), in women, but not men.
Cognitive behavioral therapy could help many people with a dental phobia overcome their fear of visiting the dentist and enable them to receive dental treatment without the need to be sedated, according to a new study.
Sarcasm, white lies and teasing can be difficult to identify for those with certain disorders. For those who suffer from diseases like Alzheimer's or Parkinson's, or neurodevelopmental conditions such as Autism spectrum disorder, identifying white lies may be even harder. But new video inventory may help, say researchers.
Not everyone ponders sets of partial differential equations when watching droplets slide down a window on a rainy day, but, thanks to new research, those who are so inclined now have what they need to construct a robust physical and mathematical explanation of what they see.
Even patients over the age of 75 may recover from severe traumatic brain injury, suggests new research. This is the first study to describe the results of surgically treated elderly patients with acute subdural hematomas.
Ticks can transmit various diseases to people and animals. Some well-known diseases spread by ticks include tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and Lyme disease. Researchers are hot on the trail of pathogens carried by ticks. The parasitologists recently discovered a new form of the bacterium Candidatus Neoehrlichia in a red fox from the Austrian state of Vorarlberg. The pathogen might also be transmittable to humans, they warn.
Whether people wear T-shirts with a big logo of a brand depends on a person's "brand embarrassment tendency" (BET). Embarrassment is an intense, negative emotion and it derives from worrying about the possibility of other peoples' negative judgement about oneself. Economists have developed an instrument to measure this brand embarrassment and have found that embarrassing clothing is not only a problem of insecure teenagers. In addition the measuring tool can be used to assess the 'embarrassment potential' of a particular brand.
A research team has devised a way to pluck a single photon from a pulse of light. This breakthrough can both aid further basic research into the nature of light and help advance quantum communication systems, which will likely be based on single photons.